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The legitimate national rights of the Palestinians have not been realized and the two-state solution has not been put into practice, Chinese ambassador Zhang recalled.
As the question of Palestine always lies at the heart of the Middle East issue, it should not be sidelined, let alone forgotten, regardless of the evolution of the international situation, said Zhang Jun, China's permanent representative to the United Nations.
On this matter, what is lacking is not a grand and fair plan, but rather the courage for action. The fundamental reason for repeated escalation is that the legitimate national rights of the Palestinians have not been realized and the two-state solution has not been put into practice, said Zhang.
Recently, Palestinian-Israeli tensions have witnessed a new round of escalation. China condemns all attacks against civilians and opposes all violations of the historic status quo of religious holy sites, he told a Security Council meeting.
"The security of Israel and Palestine is interdependent and indivisible. If one side's security is established at the expense of the other side's security, it is impossible to break the cycle of violence or resolve the security conundrum," he said. "Only by upholding the common, comprehensive, cooperative, and sustainable security concept, can peaceful co-existence be realized."
China calls on all parties, in particular Israel, to exercise restraint, and prevent the situation from escalating further or even going out of control. China supports continued communication between UN Special Coordinator Tor Wennesland and Israel, Palestine, and other parties to push for de-escalation.
An Italian group broke out into the resistance song "Bella Ciao" while held up at an Israeli checkpoint.
The Security Council should take very seriously the current situation and the call of Arab states, and take urgent actions and speak with one voice, thus playing its due role, said Zhang. Settlements break the contiguity of occupied territories, squeeze the living space of the Palestinian people, and jeopardize the prospects of realizing a two-state solution.
China urges Israel to stop the demolitions of Palestinian homes, stop the evictions of Palestinians, stop the expansion of settlements, and to create conditions for the development of Palestinian communities in the West Bank, he said.
China calls on the international community to make great efforts based on relevant UN resolutions and international consensus, such as the land-for-peace principle, so as to advance the Middle East peace process, he said.
Ambassador Zhang pointed out that his country supports the establishment of a fully sovereign and independent state of Palestine based on the 1967 borders and with East Jerusalem as its capital, supports the peaceful co-existence of Palestine and Israel.