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News > Ethiopia

Horn of Africa to Experience Dry June-September Weather

  • An African farmer stands on arid ground.

    An African farmer stands on arid ground. | Photo: Twitter/ @falgunipatadia

Published 24 May 2023

In the coming months, the frequency and intensity of the rains will decrease significantly in Eritrea, Ethiopia, Uganda, South Sudan, and Sudan.

On Wednesday, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), an East African bloc, said that dry weather will be experienced in the Horn of Africa region from June to September, amid the risk of worsening an already precarious food security situation.


Climate Change Increasing La Niña & El Niño Severity

The IGAD Climate Prediction and Applications Center (ICPAC), based in the Kenyan capital of Nairobi, said Djibouti, Eritrea, central and northern Ethiopia, northern Uganda, much of South Sudan and Sudan will receive depressed rains from June to September.

ICPAC Director Guleid Artan noted that June to September rainfall season contributes more than 50 percent of annual total rainfall in the greater Horn of Africa region, adding that if suppressed, they could escalate the food crisis. "The conditions we forecast could very well increase food insecurity in the region," Artan said.

Depressed rainfall, coupled with warmer than usual temperatures, are likely to affect crop productivity, with the risk of crop wilting and a hastened decline in pasture and water availability. 

Noting that 49 million people in the IGAD region were still food insecure, Artan urged governments and relief agencies to mobilize resources in a bid to avert a humanitarian crisis.

Most parts of the Horn of Africa region recorded above-average March to May rainfall, bringing some respite to communities reeling from five consecutive failed rainfall seasons in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia, according to Hussen Seid Endris, an ICPAC modeling expert.

Seid warned of a likelihood of El Nino weather phenomenon between July and September in the Horn of Africa region, characterized by warm temperatures and depressed rains.

He clarified that the severity of the El Nino season in the region, associated with record high temperatures, is yet to be ascertained, adding that adequate preparations to minimize its negative impact on livelihoods were critical.

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