So far, 5 out of 11 magistrates have ruled against "the time frame", an administrative definition that will limit the rights of Indigenous communities to those lands that Indigenous peoples occupied until October 1988, when the Brazilian Constitution was promulgated.
The Brazilian peoples, however, consider the “time frame” to be illegitimate because it does not recognize that they inhabited those lands long before 1988. In fact, settlers have been violently expelling Indigenous peoples from their territories for decades.
Even though five judges recognized Indigenous peoples' historical rights, some differences persist between them on how to apply territorial rights, especially in the case of lands that settlers have legally occupied.
A projection series in New York City during Climate Week and the UN General Assembly by @ApibOficial highlights the impact of climate change on Indigenous Peoples. Additionally, the projection series is an important reminder that Indigenous rights are under attack in Brazil. pic.twitter.com/rfGGSXby8s
This occupation occurred because white settlers bought land from subnational governments, which sold them under the protection of many legal loopholes that existed on this issue before the 1988 Constitution.
To resolve the disagreements, Judge Alexandre de Moraes proposes that the white settlers abandon the Indigenous territories and be compensated by the Brazilian State.
This policy, however, would not apply to those settlers who occupied land through violence since they would be evicted without any compensation.
— Barbara Navarro #BoycottGold4Yanomami! �� �������� (@BarbaraNavarro)
August 31, 2023
Alternatively, De Moraes also proposes that Indigenous peoples be compensated with the concession of territories of equivalent extensions.
While the discussion continues in the Supreme Court, a Senate committee is discussing a bill that seeks to recognize the "time frame", which is what right-wing politicians and agricultural businessmen vehemently desire.
These groups try to prevent the Brazilian State from recognizing at least 200 areas as Indigenous territories, especially in the Amazon basin where their mining and other illegal extractive activities take place.
Brazil's national petroleum workers union federation, FUP, demands justice for millions who lost their jobs due to the US/Brazil Operation Car Wash partnership, which they say among other things, aimed to destroy Brazil's energy self-sufficiency. My story for @telesurenglishpic.twitter.com/62mH1gjEAd