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Over the last four years, the Yanomani population has been permanently harassed by illegal miners, who had the support of the Bolsonaro administration and rural militias.
On Wednesday, the Brazilian Police announced that it will open an investigation to establish whether the serious health emergency experienced by the Yanomami people is the consequence of the actions and policies implemented during the Jair Bolsonaro administration (2019-2023).
Over the last four years, this population has been permanently harassed by illegal miners, who had the support of large companies and far-right militias operating in rural areas.
The Justice Ministry complaint mentions that Indigenous peoples submitted "repeated requests for help" since 2019. Nevertheless, their requests were ignored by Bolsonaro.
On Saturday, President Lula da Silva visited the Yanomani territory, which was declared in a situation of "health emergency of national importance" so that it can be promptly attended to.
"What I saw in Roraima was a genocide rather than a humanitarian crisis. It was a premeditated crime against the Yanomami, committed by an administration insensitive to the suffering of the Brazilian people," Lula said after his visit to the Amazon.
The @MST_Oficial in partnership with the Network of Popular Doctors is bringing together a brigade of doctors to save lives and donate healthy food in the Yanomami territory. pic.twitter.com/v9Ypo2rGEm
After this first visit, the Indigenous Peoples Ministry announced that over a thousand citizens with severe malnutrition received emergency care. It also reported that at least 570 Yanomami children died from mercury contamination and malnutrition over the last four years.
Besides experiencing water pollution from mining, the Yanomani territory has also been affected by numerous cases of malaria and other tropical diseases.
When the former Captain Bolsonaro assumed the presidency in January 2019, he began to systematically dismantle the environmental and humanitarian institutions that had protected Amazonian inhabitants for decades. Many of these Indigenous peoples have been struggling to remain isolated from the colonizing society.
#Peru | Indigenous communities and social organizations march from different parts of the country against the government of President Dina Boluarte. pic.twitter.com/E210UyBvyZ