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Local authorities will evaluate the efficacy of three trial vaccines, which include Oxford from Britain, Sabin, and Merck from the United States.
On Thursday, the World Health Organization (WHO) said Uganda will receive the Sudan strain Ebola trial vaccine next week as the east African country grapples with containing the spread of the deadly disease.
WHO Representative to Uganda Yonas Tegegn Woldemariam said that the first people who will receive the vaccine are people who have got into contact with confirmed Ebola cases and the health workers who are treating the patients.
"We have to get engaged with contacts and health workers and inform them of the benefits and the potential side effects," Woldemariam said.
Henry Kyobe, incident commander for the Ebola outbreak at the Ministry of Health, said the trial vaccines have been tested before and are safe for humans.
Ebola was first identified in 1976 in Yambuku (DRP Congo), a village near the Ebola River. Ebola typically occurs in outbreaks in tropical regions of Sub-Saharan Africa. Big difference between catching a disease in a region where there have been outbreaks, and a region where not. pic.twitter.com/0ADZqfYhZz
Matshidiso Moeti, WHO Regional Director for Africa, said WHO's committee of external experts has approved the candidate vaccines for inclusion in the planned clinical trial. Matshidiso said the start of the clinical trial marks a pivotal progression toward the development of the first vaccine against the Sudan strain.
Vaccines are some of the major tools that can be used to contain the spread of Ebola. Ruth Aceng, Uganda's Health Minister, said the ministry will evaluate the efficacy of three trial vaccines, which include Oxford from Britain, Sabin, and Merck from the United States.
The vaccines would be evaluated if they can protect the contacts of Ebola patients within 29 days of contact. WHO figures show to date there have been a total of 141 confirmed and 22 probable Ebola infections in Uganda, and 55 confirmed and 22 probable deaths.
#FromTheSouth News Bits | An Ebola epidemic has been declared and contact tracing has begun in the West African nation of Guinea, where authorities and international health partners have pledged immediate action to stop the spread of Ebola identified this weekend. @EbravoteleSURpic.twitter.com/hLtyTIXNFm