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News > Uruguay

Uruguay to Leave TIAR If Military Intervention Approved Against Venezuela

  •  Foreign Affairs Minister Rodolfo Nin Novoa reiterated his country’s rejection of a possible military intervention in Venezuela.

    Foreign Affairs Minister Rodolfo Nin Novoa reiterated his country’s rejection of a possible military intervention in Venezuela. | Photo: Uruguayan Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Published 23 September 2019

Uruguay's Foreign Affairs Minister reiterated that due to Venezuelan not being a member state of the treaty, it can't be applied against the country. 

Uruguay will withdraw from the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (TIAR) if its members approve military intervention against Venezuela, Foreign Affairs Minister Rodolfo Nin Novoa told La Republica Monday.

China Rejects TIAR Activation Against Venezuela

The diplomat reiterated that the countries that are pushing for this option "ignore the intrinsic value" of the treaty, which is the "defense of the member countries against external aggression," adding his country will denounce the mechanism if the path of war is chosen. 

“That is the spirit of the treaty. Not all countries are member states and one of those is Venezuela. A treaty can’t be applied to a nation that does not integrate it. There is a great contradiction in all that,” Nin affirmed.

This comes as representatives from the member states of TIAR will meet on Monday in New York to invoke the activation of the defense treaty, as Colombian Ambassador in the United States, Francisco Santos Calderon stated.

Last week at the Organization of American States’ assembly, 12 U.S.-backed countries voted in favor of the implementation of the treaty, arguing the country represents "a threat to the security of the region," after Colombia accused Venezuela of allegedly protecting armed groups within its territory. 

Venezuela has rejected the accusation and pointed out the lack of evidence, affirming these allegations are just an excuse for military intervention.


Venezuelan Military Vows to Defend Country Against TIAR

The treaty was signed in September 1947 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to function as a mutual mechanism of defense between member countries of the OAS. The agreement, however, was imposed on the region by the United States within the context of the Cold War, with the aim of legitimizing military interventions in Latin America for ideological reasons.

Venezuelan formally withdrew from the treaty in 2013 together with other nations pertaining to the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America (ALBA), including Bolivia, Ecuador, and Nicaragua.

However, the opposition-held Venezuela National Assembly, in contempt and suspended since 2016, illegally and unconstitutionally approved the reincorporation to the treaty on July 23, 2019. 

A flagrant violation of the Constitution, as Article 236 states that the public figure whose the attributions and obligations are to “celebrate and ratify treaties and international agreements” is the president and not legislators.

China, Nicaragua, Cuba, Mexico, and Uruguay have rejected the possible engagement in military actions against the Latin American nation, opposing any form of interference in the internal affairs of Venezuela, including military intervention. 

On Sept. 11, Venezuelan Minister of Foreign Affairs Jorge Arreaza denounced the initiative, pushed by a group of U.S.-backed regional governments. 

"It is painful that countries which were invaded by United States troops and whose peoples were massacred by the application of the TIAR, endorse today a similar crime against a brother country, in a clearly invalid session of the OAS," Arreaza’s statement read.

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