• Live
    • Audio Only
  • google plus
  • facebook
  • twitter
News > Nicaragua

Nicaraguan President Ortega Paid Tribute to General Sandino

  • Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega (2R) and Vice President Rosario Murillo (3R), Feb. 21, 2024.

    Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega (2R) and Vice President Rosario Murillo (3R), Feb. 21, 2024. | Photo: X/ @Canal4Ni

Published 22 February 2024

For Sandino, the father of the Nicaraguan revolution, the people never surrender, recalled Ortega.

On Wednesday, Nicaraguans celebrated the 90th death anniversary of Gen. Augusto Cesar Sandino, the leader of the resistance to U.S. imperialism during the 20th century.


President Maduro Greets Nicaragua on Sandino's Anniversary

At the ceremony held in Managua, Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega recalled the San Albino manifesto, a document that summarizes the reasons why Sandino fought to defend Nicaraguan sovereignty.

“For General Sandino, the father of the Nicaraguan revolution and anti-imperialist struggle… the people never surrender or sell themselves,” Ortega said to the young citizens present at the tribute to the historic revolutionary leader.

Born on May 18, 1895 in Niquinohomo, Sandino became the leader of the Nicaraguan resistance against the American occupation army. In 1912, during his youth, he witnessed the first intervention of American troops in Nicaragua.

Later, Sandino fought against the troops of different U.S.-backed governments, which allowed him to gain popular admiration and gather some 3,000 men in his ranks. Thus he began a guerrilla force that fought U.S. troops and its local lackeys from the jungles of Nueva Segovia.

In the 1920s, Sandino traveled to Honduras, Guatemala and Mexico, where he expanded his political relations and became imbued with unionist, socialist and anarchist ideas.

"He learned about the union struggles, the U.S. aggression against Mexico to achieve control of the oil fields, the Mexican Revolution, and the constant struggles of the working class," the Mexican National Commission on Human Rights recalled on its website.

In 1926, Sandino returned to his country to initially fight alongside the liberal troops in defense of the sovereignty of Nicaragua. Shortly after, in 1927, he began the fight against the U.S.-backed government of Jose Maria Moncada and formed the "Army in Defense of the National Sovereignty of Nicaragua."

This happened at a time when Nicaraguan elites signed the Tipitapa Agreement, a peace agreement that allowed the perpetual presence of U.S. troops in Nicaragua.

In response to this handover of the Central American country to Washington, Sandino begins a guerrilla war against U.S. troops and the Nicaraguan National Guard.

In 1928, the ranks of the Sandino's army were fed by members of the Anti-Imperialist League of the Americas, among whom would be Farabundo Marti, the Salvadoran revolutionary who became involved in the Nicaraguan struggle and and became a colonel in the guerrilla army.

Faced with the impossibility of defeating Sandino, President Herbert C. Hoover ordered the withdrawal of U.S. troops, which allowed Sandino to begin negotiations with the Nicaraguan government for the return to civilian life in 1933.

A year later, the then head of the National Guard Anastasio Somoza, who would become the first member of a family clan of dictators, ordered the arrest of the revolutionary leader.

On February 21, 1934, during a dinner at the Presidential Palace, generals Augusto Cesar Sandino, Francisco Estrada and Juan Umanzor were arrested, taken to El Hormiguero prison, and murdered by soldiers under orders from Somoza.

Post with no comments.