The International Monetary Fund (IMF), well known in the region for implementing neoliberal austerity measures, as is the current case in Argentina, says that Bolivia’s growth is "one of the highest rates in the region" and projected that it will grow to 4.5 points by next year, mainly by through an increase in oil and hydrocarbon prices and production.
The report shows that the national gross domestic product (GDP) increased by 2.9 percent in 2018 and inflation went down to 1.3 percent, while unemployment this year hovered around 4.1. President Evo Morales increased the minimum wage by three percent.
Morales told reporters in Cochabamba earlier this week that the GDP this year increased by about US$200 per person, from US$3,390 to US$3,581.
According to ECLAC, the region will face a complex and volatile global economic scenario in the coming years, both in developed and emerging economies because of weakening international trade aggravated by trade United States and China trade wars.
"Public policies are needed to strengthen growth," said Alicia Barcena of ECLAC.
"It is essential to reduce tax avoidance and evasion and illicit financial flows. Jointly, we must strengthen direct taxes,” said Barcena in Santiago, Chile while ECLAC introduced this year’s report last week.
“In order to stabilize and boost growth it is necessary to reorient public investment in sustainable development, such as new technologies and green investment,” said the economist.
The senior U.N. official added, “social spending should be protected, especially in periods of economic slowdown so that this is not affected by adjustments."
Argentina, which has slashed education, science and housing programs by as much as 48 percent for 2019 is expected to contract by 1.8 percent next year. ECLAC experts say that Mexico will grow by 3.3 percent during the same time.