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This event will be a milestone moment as it will respond to the first-ever Global Stocktake of the Paris Agreement.
Over 70,000 delegates from around the globe will gather in Dubai in the next two weeks for COP28, the 28th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
In the three decades since the 1992 Rio Summit and the launch of the UNFCCC, the conference of the parties has convened every year to determine ambitions and responsibilities related to climate change, as well as assess climate measures.
The previous session, COP27, was held in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt. An agreement to establish a "loss and damage" fund then was hailed as a major breakthrough.
COP21 in 2015 led to the Paris Agreement, the landmark climate treaty that mobilizes collective action to limit global temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celcius above pre-industrial levels.
The event in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE), will last from Nov. 30 to Dec. 12 as leaders from governments, businesses and civil societies meet to seek solutions to climate change.
The climate crisis is interconnected with the displacement crisis.
Nobody knows this better than Najeeba. She was forced to flee Afghanistan but is now working to fight climate change from her new home in Australia, leading the Asia Pacific Network of Refugees. #COP28pic.twitter.com/Xa9E1aO9IY
Climate disasters across the world this year have warned us once again of the urgency to address climate change. In July, United Nations Secretary Antonio Guterres warned that the era of global warming has ended and "the era of global boiling has arrived."
COP28 will be a milestone moment as it will respond to the first-ever Global Stocktake of the Paris Agreement. As a mechanism created under the Paris Agreement, the Global Stocktake requires that countries assess their climate measures every five years. The outcome provides input for new nationally determined contributions of parties.
Reports on the stocktake so far have shown that while the Paris Agreement has spurred action on climate change, current policies and promises to cut greenhouse gas emissions are not sufficient.
As delegates in the UAE will assess how far off track they are from meeting the promises to stop global warming, COP28 is expected to be a pivotal opportunity to correct course and accelerate action.
Eight years ago, the world united to adopt the #ParisAgreement to address the climate crisis, but our task isn't finished��
It is hoped that COP28 will help keep alive the goal of limiting long-term global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celcius, as was agreed in the Paris Agreement. Achieving this goal depends largely on an effective transitioning from fossil fuels to clean energy sources.
However, countries remain divided over how to tackle the unsustainable use of fossil fuels and the pace of shifting to green energy sources will be a hot topic for discussion and negotiation.
In the meantime, while the need to provide financial assistance to nations most vulnerable to and most impacted by the effects of climate change has been agreed upon, the fulfillment of financial commitments remains incomplete. At COP28, climate finance and the transfer of "loss and damage" funds will likely be another thorny issue.
#FromTheSouth News Bits | Environmental and animal rights activists have called for better protection for whales, which face multiple threats in the oceans, including hunting, climate change, pollution, noise, ship strikes, and fishing nets. pic.twitter.com/5NcSSL8hly