The last governments of Peru, starting in the 1980s with Alan García, have committed numerous violations in the framework of human rights. Disappearances, assassinations and violations of human rights occurred in the last 30 years.
Especially prominent is the case of Alberto Fujimori, who ruled for ten years the designs of the South American country and to who are attributed numerous violations of human rights.
On December 24, the president of Peru, Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, granted a humanitarian pardon to Fujimori, despite the forceful rejection of the measure by the relatives of the people murdered by the dictator and a large part of the Peruvian population.
One of the most representative actions of his mandate, was the "self-coup" in 1992, in which he dissolved the Congress and the Judicial Power, in the midst of a great social discontent.
This measure allowed him to consolidate an authoritarian regime, through which he repeatedly violated human rights.
In 2009, Fujimori was sentenced to 25 years in prison for the Barrios Altos and La Cantuta cases, a sentence ratified in 2015.
The first case involves the murder of 15 people, including an 8-year-old boy, during a party believed to involve members of the Shining Path, which was ruled out by the courts.
On the other hand, the second case corresponds to the kidnapping, assassination and burial in graves of eight students and a professor of the National University Enrique Guzmán y Valle, on July 18, 1992.
Two additional alleged crimes
Recently, Chilean Justice approved the request, made by Peruvian justice in 2015, for Fujimori to be prosecuted in Peru for two additional crimes, a qualified homicide and a conspiracy to commit a crime.
These crimes are related to the murder of six people in the district of Pativilca, Barranca, in 1992, at the hands of the Colina group.
Currently, the president remains in prison. His daughter and former presidential candidate, Keiko Fujimori, introduced an appeal in which he requested the release of his father for "humanitarian reasons," but was rejected.