The monetary measures announced by the Venezuelan government, as part of the Recovery, Growth and Economic Prosperity Program, went into effect Monday, as the circulation of the Sovereign Bolivar began around the country.
The new Venezuelan currency known as the Sovereign Bolivar, whose symbol is Bs.S., has five fewer zeros compared to the current Bolivar, which will coexist for retail operations or smaller amount.
A week ago, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro indicated that Monday, which was declared a public holiday so citizens could adapt to the new monetary reforms. which the government is referring to as "monetary reconversion and integral economic reconversion".
In President Maduro's opinion, the date is a "turning point" for Venezuela, due to the economic circumstances. "We are going to dismantle the perverse war of neoliberal capitalism to install a virtuous, balanced, sustainable, healthy and productive economic system," Maduro said Sunday on Twitter.
The new bills (2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500) are already in the hands of public and private banks. The Sovereign Bolivar will be anchored to the cryptocurrency Petro, which is backed by the oil reserves of the Caribbean country.
These measures are supplemented by a new redesign of fiscal and tax policy, a new policy of subsidizing gasoline, an increase of four percentage points to the Value Added Tax (IVA), and the establishment of a single exchange rate, which will fluctuate according to the Dicom auctions under Venezuelan Central Bank (BCV) regulation.
Why is it anchored to the Petro?
The economists Tony Boza and Elio Córdova indicated that the measure of anchoring the Sovereign Bolivar and salaries to the Petro seeks to avoid the depreciation of the monetary currency and protect the purchasing power of the Venezuelans.
In an exclusive interview with teleSUR, both specialists pointed out that the governmental objective is to stop the imbalance, a product of the economic war, induced from abroad.
The outstanding offer of the Sovereign Bolivar will be subject to the amount of Petros available and would act as a conversion box. At the same time, it will be associated with the value of the price of Venezuelan oil, according to the state news agency AVN.
Each unit of the cryptocurrency will be the equivalent to 3,600 Sovereign Bolivars and will be the reference to fix the value of work, the price of services and consumer goods, as one of the accounting units that will govern the Bolivarian nation.