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President Biden affirmed his country’s unwavering support for Ukraine's territorial integrity “in the face of Russia's ongoing aggression.”
The escalated conflict between Ukrainian government forces and insurgents in the country's east has drawn worldwide attention, largely due to a Washington-Moscow grapple behind the scenes to gain a strategic edge.
Since the beginning of this year, a new round of confrontation in eastern Ukraine's Lugansk and Donetsk regions, together known as Donbas, has claimed the lives of 20 Ukrainian servicemen and injured 57 others, according to data released by Kiev.
While the Ukrainian authorities and the pro-Russia Donbas insurgents have traded barbs, Moscow believes that the situation has worsened due to Kiev's provocations, which have led to multiple casualties among civilians.
Experts said that the United States nudged Kiev into these provocations against Moscow, which has shown no intention of backing off.
Moscow-Washington relations sharply dipped to a record low after a U.S. intelligence report accused Russia of meddling in the 2020 U.S. presidential election to hamper Joe Biden's campaign, which the Kremlin has repeatedly denied. Biden told an interview last month that Putin "will pay a price" for alleged efforts to undermine the election.
Biden held his first phone call with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky Friday when Biden "affirmed the United States' unwavering support for Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity in the face of Russia's ongoing aggression in the Donbas and Crimea."
On Monday, U.S. State Department spokesperson Ned Price expressed concern over recent "escalating Russian aggression" in eastern Ukraine and demanded that Russia explain its troop movements near Ukraine's borders.
"Actually, everything that is currently happening in Ukraine wouldn't have taken place without the United States. Washington consistently controls, supports, and fans aggressive sentiment in Ukraine," said Russian political scientist Dmitry Yuriev.
Another political analyst Pavel Salin also saw "clearly visible" U.S. influence on the Ukrainian authorities over the past months.
"A group of forces is interested in an escalation of conflict and they invest resources in this, but none wants a full-scale war. When everyone invested in escalations in 1914, the situation spiraled out of control," Salin warned.
The imperialist back government of Ukraine has killed a 5 year old boy in the Donetsk People’s Republic in Donbass, which sought independence in 2014 after the Euromaidan color revolution. Western media is silent because the victims are just “pro-Russian separatists” https://t.co/VzGAXjjjpF
Russia appears to be cool-headed so far in dealing with flare-ups in tensions in Donbas, while at the same time it has voiced determination to protect its border area with Ukraine.
In response to grumbles from the United States, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said that the U.S. should not be concerned with Russia's actions, but with Kiev's failure to comply with its commitments under the Minsk agreements on the Donbas settlement.
On Tuesday, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg called Zelensky to "express serious concern about Russia's military activities in and around Ukraine and ongoing ceasefire violations."
"NATO firmly supports Ukraine's sovereignty & territorial integrity. We remain committed to our close partnership," Stoltenberg tweeted.
"NATO is the only way to end the war in Donbas. Ukraine's MAP (Membership Action Plan) will be a real signal for Russia," Zelensky said.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov warned that joining NATO would not help Ukraine solve its domestic problems but only complicate the situation further.
"We do not want an escalation of the situation, but we are prepared for any turn of events," he told reporters on Tuesday in response to a question on whether the United States would boost military support for Ukraine.
Russia's armed forces launched massive combat readiness checks on Tuesday, involving 4,048 exercises of various scales on the territory of all military districts and the Northern Fleet.