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The constitutional reforms make free schooling available to all, and change teacher training programs and criteria.
The Mexican Senate Thursday passed a new education reform bill that guarantees free education from pre-school to university. It will now be sent to state legislatures for ratification before it becomes law.
Among the most important features of the new reform makes the Mexican state responsible for providing a guaranteed free education at all levels including primary and higher education.
Likewise, it mandates that curricula teach different gender perspectives, teach respect for nature, and that it promotes the preservation of the historical heritage of Indigenous communities.
The reform also proposes increasing teacher training and development through a national system of continuous educational improvement to be coordinated by a decentralized and autonomous agency.
In addition, the general law of the professional teaching service and the law of the National Institute for the Evaluation of Education are repealed and suspend all evaluations suspended until Congress issues the Professional Teacher’s System Law.
The law makes it clear that programs of study will include the teaching of mathematics, reading, writing and sex education.
The new regulation also gives the president a deadline of no more than 180 days to define a national strategy to improve teacher training schools.