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Mercosur-EFTA Sign Trade Accord After 20 Years of Negotiations

  • Officials from EFTA and Mercosur countries who finalized the trade agreement between the two blocs Friday Aug. 23, 2019

    Officials from EFTA and Mercosur countries who finalized the trade agreement between the two blocs Friday Aug. 23, 2019 | Photo: @HoracioReyser

Published 23 August 2019

The historic trade agreement was signed by participating nations on Friday, and some EU nations used the chance to call out Brazil's Bolsonaro for letting the Amazon to burn. 

In a historic signing, countries within Mercosur and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) came to a free trade agreement Friday after 23 years of negotiations. 


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Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro called the document, "another great victory for our commercial opening and diplomacy," who currently presides over the Mercosur bloc, which includes Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay. The head of state, who threatened last year to leave the bloc, did not immediately specify terms of the accord.

"Today, we concluded negotiations of the free trade agreement between Mercosur and EFTA which has a GDP of 1.1 billion dollars and is the ninth largest commercial actor in the world," Bolsonaro later tweeted. EFTA comprises Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein.

EFTA countries annually import goods as much as US$ 530 billion and export nearly US$630 billion. Argentina’s Secretary of International Economic Relations Horacio Reyser told local media Friday, "this agreement is key for Mercosur and Argentina in their process of international insertion and for strengthening the competitiveness of our economies.” 

After a lull in negotiations over the trade accord by previous Argentine governments, President Mauricio Macri’s foreign minister has been pushing for the pact. Foreign Minister Jorge Faurie said last June that the Mercosur-EFTA agreement would "expand (Argentina’s) economic space." 

The agreement, drafted in June, was questioned by France and Ireland on Friday over concern that major Mercosur member, Brazil, is allowing the Amazon rainforest to be destroyed by agriculturalists and ranchers who are setting fire to the critical ecosystem, demonstrating Bolsonaro's lack of commitment to the massive reserve and the people, plants and animals that live there.

During a Friday press conference European Commission Spokeswoman, Natasha Bertaud said: "We can say that the (European) Commission is deeply worried. The Amazon is the world's largest rainforest and contains one tenth of the world's species. That's why we ... welcome (French) President (Emmanuel) Macron's intention to discuss this matter at the G7 meeting. The sense of emergency is indeed warranted.."

The agreement has also been criticized by unions in South America that say it will be the “death” of their industries in the region that will be flooded with European products. The Central Coordinator of Trade Union of the Southern Cone, which includes 20 trade union centers in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay and Venezuela, said that the agreement "is the death sentence of our industries and much of our decent work and quality of employment."

They say the agreement will promote agricultural exports to Europe by Mercosur member countries, while industrial and value-added products will freely enter South America.

Mercosur countries currently export about US$3 billion each year to EFTA nations.

The Brazilian Foreign Minister, Ernesto Araujo says his nation is currently negotiating commercial agreements with South Korea, Singapore and Canada, according to EFE.

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