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  • Ibero-America the region with most water but with least distribution.

    Ibero-America the region with most water but with least distribution. | Photo: Reuters FILE

Published 1 November 2018

The Ibero-American region has 33 percent of the water sources in the world, which means an endowment per capita of 22 thousand 929 cubic meters per year. But not every person gets this amount of water because the redistribution is very inequitable.

According to a report by the Latin American Water Tribunal (Tragua), Ibero-America is the region with most access to water in the world. However, it is also the region with the most inequality in its distribution. At least 77 million people, in this region, have no access to drinking water.

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The region has 33 percent of the water sources in the world, which means an endowment per capita of 22 thousand 929 cubic meters per year. But not every person gets this amount of water because the redistribution is very inequitable.

In some countries, with high amounts of water per capita, like Colombia Nicaragua or Guatemala, only 60 percent of the population has access to drinking water and are mainly concentrated in the cities.

According to the Tragua, there are about 77 million people who don't get access to drinking water, 51 million in rural zones and 26 million in urban zones. The different access to water between the rural areas and the urban areas is evident. According to the report, at least 100 million people in Ibero-America still do not have any type of health service coverage.

According to the UN World Health Organization (WHO), around 85 percent of the diseases are caused or associated to corrupted water or a lack of access to drinking water. This could be caused by precarious and non-adequate manipulation and extraction systems.

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