In a strange case of reversed roles, Canadian Minister of Foreign Affairs Chrystia Freeland tried to convince U.S. President Donald Trump to return to his lost path of globalization and international trade agreements in an impassionate speech she gave at the Foreign Policy Forum on June 13 in Washington, D.C.
Freeland seems to have a good reputation in some circles in Washington. At least enough to get her centre stage and a nomination as 'diplomat of the year.' Though she should know the recognition she received wasn't meant to acknowledge necessarily her achievements, but rather to use her as an 'international voice' on behalf of some U.S. sectors that dissent with Trump's foreign policy – more specifically, those aspects of U.S. foreign policy that are perceived to hurt business such as international trade and tariffs. Freeland obliged and that was precisely the focus of her speech.
We don't know the impact Freeland's speech has had on Trump, but her message would have been fitting had she been on the same stage with the likes of Ronald Reagan, whom she once praised.
What we do know is that her speech – probably meant to be inspirational – was full of liberal, capitalist and imperial rhetoric, and showed little understanding of the geopolitical realities of today. Her tenacious defense of the virtues of capitalism lacked vision and placed her right back at the time of the Cold War, with the only exception of authoritarianism being the nemesis instead of communism. She pointed her accusatory finger at Venezuela, Russia and China as examples of current unruly countries that do not follow her image of international order.
"Mano A Mano"
So, no one should fear that Freeland's "mano-a-mano" retort to Trump's mischief towards Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau at the G7 meeting means a deep fissure in Canada-U.S. relations. On the contrary, hers was an exaltation of the common goal the two countries share, albeit with tactical differences: "the fight for liberal democracy and the international rules-based order that supports it." By "international," she obviously meant 'North American.'
Freeland made a strong defense of "liberal democracy” that others cannot question in her fading world, but she never noticed the contradiction that a forced liberal democracy is in fact authoritarianism of the worst kind. If democracy needs a Canadian or U.S. stamp of approval, then it stops being a democracy. Democracy by definition is based on people's free decisions, not on imposed decisions; much less on foreign imposed decisions.
In very revealing – but not surprising – colonial language, she voiced concern that "within the club of wealthy Western nations, we are seeing homegrown anti-democratic forces on the rise." Again, she failed to link that concern to her own grim admission that "middle-class working families are not wrong to feel left behind. Wages have been stagnating. Jobs are becoming more precarious, pensions uncertain, housing, childcare and education harder to afford." She simply justified it by saying that "these are the wrenching human consequences, the growing pains" of righteous liberal democracies.
She went on to say: "Liberal democracy is also under assault from abroad. Authoritarian regimes are actively seeking to undermine us with sophisticated, well-financed propaganda and espionage programs." An obvious reference to Russia. In fact she did refer specifically to Venezuela's "authoritarianism" and to Russia's move "backwards" from "democratic capitalism."
Her reductionist view that reproducing a patched-up, worn-out capitalist system will make new friends despite the evidence to the contrary is quite shocking.
Freeland was in total denial, failing to recognize it's not authoritarianism that's "on the march," but a new multipolar world on the march to replace the North American-centered unipolar world of the 20th century.
China and Russia are leading the way successfully towards reducing the domination of a Western liberal consensus in world affairs. China is doing that with its Silk Road Economic Belt as a development strategy that focuses on connectivity and cooperation between Eurasian countries and possibly beyond. Russia is using a no-less-effective strategic approach by using its soft power, building new alliances and balancing the conflicting forces – especially in the Middle East – with an eye to a positive relationship with the European Union. This spells danger to the diminishing might of the United States and its ally in the North, Canada.
New World Order
In concluding, in the new upcoming world order countries can come with their different systems willing to form alliances and work together, be it China's communism, Venezuela's 21st-century socialism, or Russia's balancing soft power to de-escalate major conflicts and bring competitors together.
It is shortsighted to admit that a one-fits-all liberal democracy is not perfect and to ignore that other nations assert the right to try their own social system, willing to fail and try again without foreign interference. Freeland doesn't grasp the importance that other nations attribute to trying on their own, being sovereign in solving their own problems and being respected.
Freeland: assertion of the right to freely and peacefully choose our own destiny is not authoritarianism. Your desire to shape the world to your image is. Your definition of authoritarianism is someone else's sovereignty.
We have to acknowledge that there was one statement Freeland made that we have to agree on: "You [the United States] may feel today that your size allows you to go mano-a-mano with your traditional adversaries and be guaranteed to win. But if history tells us one thing, it is that no one nation's pre-eminence is eternal."
In other words, empires fall.
But then we are left wondering why is Canada pursuing close ties with a falling empire instead of embracing an emerging multipolar world?