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News > Venezuela

How Venezuela’s Indigenous Peoples Will Elect their Parliamentarians

  • According to the CNE, the election of indigenous candidates to the National Assembly will take place in public assemblies.

    According to the CNE, the election of indigenous candidates to the National Assembly will take place in public assemblies. | Photo: Twitter / @ve_cne

Published 5 December 2020

The indigenous population must elect three lawmakers and their alternates for the Venezuelan Parliament.

This Sunday, December 6, Venezuela holds parliamentary elections to choose lawmakers for the National Assembly in accordance with what was agreed to in the national dialogue between representatives of the opposition and the Government which began in  2019.


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In accordance with the provisions of the Constitution, indigenous peoples will elect three parliamentarians in the three zones delimited by indigenous peoples, as established by the Constitution.

According to article 186 of the 1999 Constitution, indigenous peoples will elect their deputies "in accordance with the provisions of the electoral law, respecting their traditions and customs."

Until 2015, the indigenous representation to Parliament was elected through direct, universal and secret vote, through the technological equipment provided by the National Electoral Council (CNE).

On July 24, the electoral body published on its website the “Special Regulations to regulate the election of indigenous representatives in the 2020 National Assembly,” made up of 19 articles to guide the process by which indigenous representatives will be elected to the Venezuelan Parliament . In August, the CNE board of directors approved the partial reform of the regulations, the modification of which dealt with articles 6, 12 and 17 of the original text, strengthening the political participation of indigenous communities.

The election process has since taken place in public assemblies and by show of hands, with the presence of witnesses from the candidates’ political organizations and an electoral coordinator. From mid-August to September 15, community assemblies were held to choose the spokespersons of the indigenous communities in the presence of an “electoral coordination agent,” so that they can go forward and represent their communities in the vote.

To monitor the development of the assemblies and the selection of spokespersons, the electoral body sent representatives to the 10 states which have indigenous communities.These votes are reflected in a record that must be delivered to the Board and the Regional Electoral Office, and then they will be totaled by the CNE to appoint the elected deputy, according to the majority of votes received.

According to the electoral roll of the CNE, more than one million indigenous voters are entitled to participate in the electoral process.

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