Although the challenge only refers to the state of Veracruz, it could open the door to legal abortion in other cities across Mexico.
The current penal code in Mexico refers to abortion in six articles. It establishes a penalty of one to three years in prison for anyone who helps a woman interrupt her pregnancy.
If the abortion is performed with the woman's consent, the penalty is between three and six years in prison. If it is performed by a doctor or surgeon, apart from imprisonment, they would be disqualified from exercising their profession from two to five years.
Abortion laws in Mexico are enacted at the state level. In Mexico City and Oaxaca, abortion is fully legal until 12 weeks of pregnancy. The 29 remaining states have yet to decide on the full legalization of abortion.