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Art has historically been a key pillar in the fight for self-determination and against capitalism's destructive impulses.
As dissident Mexican teachers struggle to combat neolibral education reforms, and political violence continues unabated across the country, the question most frequently raised Friday by the storied Zapatista movement in the southern state of Chiapas was this:
Thousands converged on the Zapatista community of Oventic on Friday to share a wide selection of art representing the culture, history, and resistance of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation, or EZLN. Dance, theater, music, painting, poetry, and more were put on display by the Indigenous people of the Tzotzil, Zoque, and Tzeltal communities of the Los Altos region of Chiapas for an audience of local, national, and international visitors.
Under the banner CompArte — a play on words emphasizing art within the Spanish word for sharing — the EZLN aimed to highlight the role that creativity, imagination and art has historically played in revolutionary movements, from the expressionist murals of Mexican painters to the traditional African dance of independence fighters in the former Portugese colonies of Guinea Bissau, Cape Verde, Angola and Mozambique.
“If the machine imposes a perverse logic in which every tragedy numbs rather than enrages,” the EZLN wrote in a statement leading up to the event, “perhaps it could be the Arts that remind humanity that people not only kill and destroy, impose and dominate, humiliate and doom to oblivion, but can also create, liberate, and remember.”
According to a photo essay by journalists Carlos Ogaz and Andalucia Knoll on Regeneracion Radio, many performances and works of art recounted the long history of oppression and resistance of the Mexican peoples from colonization to the conditions that paved the way for the formation of the EZLN in the early 1990’s to the movement’s more than 20 year record of fighting neoliberal capitalism and building local alternatives for economic, political, and cultural autonomy.
International guests at the artistic festival included Emory Douglas, U.S. artist and former Minister of Culture for the Black Panther Party. Douglas previously collaborated with pro-EZLN artists such as Omar Inzunza, Caleb Duarte and Mia Everollow in the “Zapantera Negra” multimedia art project that explored artistic and political links between the Black Panther Party and the Zapatista movement. Zapantera Negra-inspired art also made an appearance at the festival.
Cultural resistance in Chiapas is also set to continue Sunday as movements hold a march and cultural event in defense of “Mother Earth and territory” against mining and unwanted hydroelectric projects in the community of Pijijiapan.
Meanwhile, Mexico saw one of its most violent days between Friday afternoon and Saturday with 51 murders reported across nine states, including seven members of one family in the violence-ridden state of Guerrero and 10 bodies found in Michoacan, La Jornada reported Sunday.
Reflecting on recent violence — particularly the massacre of an estimated 20 people including the mayor in the Chiapas town of San Juan Chamula on July 23 — the Zapatistas expressed through a statement by Subcomandante Moises at the kick off of the CompArte festival that tragedies in their communities are the result of meddling by political parties, drug gangs, and organized religion.
“Better for us to organize ourselves to build a new house, a new society,” said Moises, who was introduced as a new subcomandante by the iconic Subcomandante Marcos in 2013 as one of the “many selves” of the EZLN. “No one is going to fight for us.”
The EZLN declared war against the Mexican state on January 1, 1994, launching the Indigenous movement in Mexico’s southern state of Chiapas into the international spotlight as an example for autonomous social movements around the globe.
Over two decades after the masked Indigenous army emerged from the Lacandon jungle and announced its resistance to the peoples of Mexico and the world, the Zapatista struggle continues to be an international icon for its ongoing work toward self-determination and new alternatives to global capitalism.