In countries with low infections, a longer quarantine time could help keep case numbers as low as possible.
Although most people recover from COVID-19 within five to seven days of the onset of symptoms, the World Health Organization (WHO) still recommends a 14-day quarantine.
Nevertheless, States must make decisions about the duration of quarantine based on their individual situations, said Abdi Mahamud from WHO's COVID-19 Incident Management Support Team.
In countries with low infections, a longer quarantine time could help keep case numbers as low as possible, he explained. In places with runaway cases, however, shorter quarantines may be justified in order to keep countries running.
It was possible to be infected by both influenza and COVID-19. However, since the two are separate viruses that attack the body in different ways, there is "little risk" of them combining into a new virus.
New Feature:— Our World in Data (@OurWorldInData) January 4, 2022
To make sense of the number of confirmed cases you have to see it in relation to how much a country is testing.
Therefore we make it now possible to show the positive rate on the line color – thanks to our colleague @danielgavrilov.
→ https://t.co/feEsEkXy5W pic.twitter.com/NOCOb2VYJD
As of Dec. 29, 2021, some 128 countries had reported cases of the Omicron variant. In South Africa, which had seen a sharp increase in cases followed by a relatively rapid drop-off, hospitalization and death rates have remained low. However, the situation will not be the same in other countries.
"While the latest studies all point to the fact that the Omicron variant affects the upper respiratory system rather than the lungs, which is good news, high-risk individuals and the unvaccinated could still get gravely ill from that variant," Mahamud said, adding that the Omicron strain could overtake other strains in a matter of weeks, especially in areas with a large number of susceptible people - primarily those who are unvaccinated.
The WHO's Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE) on Immunization is set to meet on Jan. 19 to review the situation. Topics on the agenda for discussion include the timing of boosters, the mixing of vaccines and the composition of future vaccines.