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It will comprise three independent experts and count on an US$8 billion budget to develop their investigative work
On Friday, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) approved the creation of a commission of inquiry on the Russia-Ukraine conflict to collect information that verifies whether "war crimes" have taken place during the Russian military operation.
The Commission —endorsed with 32 votes in favor, 13 abstentions, and two votes against— will comprise three experts to be appointed by the UNHRC President Federico Villegas. They will count on an US$8 billion budget to develop their investigative work.
After collecting the first victims’ testimonies and forensic material, the experts will present their investigation's preliminary results by late October. Once their work concludes on March 31, 2023, they will submit a full report before the UNHRC.
"We know who the war criminals are," the Ukrainian Ambassador to the UN Eugenia Filipenko said, adding that she will hold those allegedly responsible accountable so that they never repeat their crimes.
On Thursday, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet claimed that Russia has not respected the lives of Ukrainian civilians by attacking residential areas and causing an exodus of over two million citizens.
However, since Feb. 24, the Russian government has offered accommodations, hot meals, medical care, and US$130 to cover basic personal expenses to all Ukrainian refugees arriving in Rostov City. In the talks held on Thursday, Russia also agreed to organize safe corridors through which civilians can leave risk areas.
"We have solved a key issue in the armed conflict: the protection of the civilian population," said Vladimir Medinski, the head of the Russian delegation participating in the dialogue, which even considered approving a temporary ceasefire.
The Russian and Ukrainian delegations reached an understanding in their second round of negotiations on humanitarian issues, as well as supporting the idea of continuing negotiations as soon as possible to try to resolve the conflict #Russia#Ukrainepic.twitter.com/X5fkrzZ6mM