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Gen. Mark Milley testified for the first time before Congress since the United States ended its longest war in Afghanistan.
During a Senate hearing held on Tuesday, Gen. Mark Milley, chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, said that it is a "strategic failure" with the Taliban back in power and U.S. withdrawal from Afghanistan.
Milley, alongside Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin and U.S. Central Command head Gen. Kenneth McKenzie, testified for the first time before Congress since the United States ended its longest war in Afghanistan.
"It is obvious, the war in Afghanistan did not end on the terms we wanted, with the Taliban now in power in Kabul. Strategically, the war is lost, the enemy is in Kabul. So you have a strategic failure while you simultaneously have an operational and tactical success," he said, referring to the massive personnel evacuation since mid-August.
Milley and McKenzie said they believed the United States should maintain 2,500 troops in Afghanistan, and a quick drawdown from the country could lead to a collapse of the Afghan government and military. Such comments seemed to contradict President Joe Biden's words in an interview last month, in which he said no military officials advised him to keep troops in Afghanistan after the withdrawal deadline. Meanwhile, Milley and Austin stressed that the sudden collapse of the Afghan military was beyond their expectation.
"The fact that the Afghan army we and our partners trained simply melted away, in many cases without firing a shot, took us all by surprise," Austin said, noting that most intelligence assessments indicated the collapse "would occur late fall, perhaps early winter, Kabul might hold till next spring."
Top military commanders pointed to the agreement reached between the U.S. and Taliban in February 2020, which called for a full withdrawal of the U.S. troops from Afghanistan by May 2021 if the Taliban meets the conditions, had a demoralizing impact on the Afghan military.
The U.S. military completed its withdrawal from Afghanistan on Aug. 30. Milley admitted that the withdrawal damaged U.S. credibility. "Damage is one word that could be used." He also raised terrorism threats that could potentially emerge from Afghanistan in the near future.
Reflecting on the Afghan war, Austin questioned if the United States had the right strategy in the past two decades, adding that Washington might never fully comprehend the situation on the ground, including the depth of corruption in Kabul.
A poll conducted last month by the Pew Research Center showed only 26 percent of Americans believed the Biden administration handled the Afghanistan situation well, and 69 percent of the public said the U.S. mostly failed in achieving its goals in Afghanistan.
#UNGA76 | Frank Walter Steinmeier, President of Germany: “We were not able to establish in 20 years a sustainable political order in Afghanistan.” pic.twitter.com/sqMtPhPA4t