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News > Peru

Peru’s Poverty Could Have Decreased by 8% In 2021 - IMF

  • IMF estimates Peru's economic growth for 2022 at 3 percent. May. 3, 2022.

    IMF estimates Peru's economic growth for 2022 at 3 percent. May. 3, 2022. | Photo: Twitter/@TedBlackwater

Published 3 May 2022

Poverty in Peru could have decreased by 8 percent in 2021 after reaching 30.1 percent of the population in 2020, said the International Monetary Fund (IMF). 

According to an IMF article published Tuesday, Peru's poverty may have declined last year to 22.1 percent, down eight percentage points after expanding to 30.1 percent in 2020. 

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In a statement, the IMF indicated that Peru's pre-pandemic COVID-19 poverty rate in 2019 stood at 20.2 percent, adding that "poverty increased significantly in 2020 and remained above pre-pandemic levels despite some improvement in 2021".     

The agency said that the country's strong policy response in 2020 contributed to easing the pandemic's negative impact while creating the necessary conditions for an early recovery. In this regard, IMF said that Peruvian economic activity picked up strongly in 2021, following its most significant drop in decades.   

"Progress in the vaccination campaign allowed a gradual lifting of COVID-19 mobility restrictions", the entity said, noting that "real GDP surpassed its pre-pandemic level but remains below its pre-pandemic trend. Labor force participation and total employment haven't fully recovered". 

The IMF estimates that economic growth for this year would be 3 percent but says that Peruvian GDP expansion could be affected amid the current world scenario full of geopolitical tensions that tighten global financial conditions and affect global supply chains. 

Along these lines, the organization said that the risks are new outbreaks of COVID-19 at the national level, which could lead to the reactivation of containment measures. At the same time, private investment could be held back by political uncertainty and social unrest.

The agency also referred to inflationary pressures, warning that they risk becoming more persistent and requiring a faster tightening of monetary policy. "Faster progress in containing the pandemic, both domestically and internationally, and an easing of policy uncertainty could produce positive surprises," the IMF said. 

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