The reforms led by the National Renewal Movement (Morena) also aim to fight gender violence.
Mexico City’s Congress has unanimously approved reforms to eradicate gender violence and the income gap as part of a general strategy led by Claudia Sheinbaum, the city’s first female mayor.
The reforms, proposed by the Gender Equality Commision, were approved with 53 votes in favor, none against and no abstentions. Paula Soto Maldonado, the commission’s president and members of the center-left National Renewal Movement (Morena) said the reforms seek “income equality.”
Previous legislation included the concept of “substantial income equality” which, according to Soto Maldonado, makes reference to improving circumstances so women can make as much money as men.
The legislator explained that women usually have to endure unfavorable conditions when entering the labor market, as they also have to deal with unpaid domestic work, forcing them to look for flexible jobs that are unstable or badly paid.
In Mexico, 57.2 percent of employed women work in the informal market, lacking stability and benefits. Even though there’s been an increase in education access for women, men are still paid more.
“Men make 34 percent more than women in the same job, even though employment and education are similar, according to the National Council to Prevent Discrimination (Conapred). Besides, women contributed in 2017 with 23.3 percent of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP),” said Soto Maldonado.
The package of reforms also enables Mexico City’s municipalities, formerly delegations, and the new Women's Secretary to issue Gender Violence Alerts (AVG) to assist victims of violence, with citizens taking a key role in the implementation of public policies.
Mexico City registered 292 femicides between Jan. 2012 and Sept. 2017, of which 44.2 percent were 18-30 years old and 8.6 percent were younger than 17.
Soto Maldonado announced that the ‘Women Parliament 2019’ will take place in January, in which 66 women will contribute to lawmaking for gender equality during nine or ten months. Interested women have to answer the open call to participate.