Statistics Canada said police reported 743 homicides in 2020. This is the highest number of homicides recorded in Canada since 1991, and 56 more than in 2019, pushing Canada's homicide rate up 7 percent from 1.83 homicides per 100,000 population in 2019 to 1.95 per 100,000 population in 2020.
This marks the highest national homicide rate since 2005.
There were 201 indigenous victims of homicide, representing 28 percent of all homicide victims in Canada in 2020.
The number of indigenous men victims increased 32, or up 24 percent, to 163 compared with 2019, the highest since 2014 when data on indigenous identity first became available.
Homicide rates were almost eight times greater for Indigenous men of 16.50 per 100,000 population than non-Indigenous men of 2.14 per 100,000 population.
Among women, rates were almost five and half times greater for 3.76 per 100,000 Indigenous women compared with 0.69 per 100,000 non-Indigenous women.
A history of colonization, including residential schools, work camps and forced relocation, profoundly impacted Indigenous communities and families. Indigenous peoples often experience social and institutional marginalization, discrimination, and various forms of trauma and violence, including intergenerational trauma and gender-based violence. As a result, many Indigenous peoples experience challenging social and economic circumstances.
These factors play a significant role in the overrepresentation of Indigenous peoples in the criminal justice system and as victims of crime.