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News > France

France Drops Probe into Attack that Sparked Rwanda Genocide

  • French investigators examine the wreckage of Juvenal Habyarimana's Dassault Falcon 50 plane, September 18, 2010.

    French investigators examine the wreckage of Juvenal Habyarimana's Dassault Falcon 50 plane, September 18, 2010. | Photo: Reuters

Published 26 December 2018

The probe has been a major source of tension between the two countries after seven people close to current Rwandan President Paul Kagame were charged in the French investigation.

French judges have dropped their long-running investigation into the deadly 1994 attack on former Rwandan president Juvenal Habyarimana, which sparked the country's genocide, a legal source told AFP on Wednesday.

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Philippe Meilhac, lawyer for Habyarimana's widow Agathe, told AFP that plaintiffs in the case would appeal the decision to scrap the investigation.

French prosecutors had requested the probe be dismissed in October due to insufficient evidence against the seven suspects.

At the time, lawyers for Habyarimana's widow called the prosecutors' move "unacceptable" and "largely politically motivated,"

Habyarimana, an ethnic Hutu, was killed in a missile strike on his plane near Kigali's airport in April 1994.

His assassination triggered 100 days of bloodshed that left an estimated 800,000 people dead, mostly members of the Tutsi minority.

Kigali has long accused France of complicity in the genocide by supporting the Hutu regime, training the soldiers and militiamen who carried out the killings.

France armed and trained Rwanda's soldiers, and claimed to launch the operation Turquoise between June and August in order to protect the Tutsis, but was accused of protecting the Hutus instead.

Earlier in June this year, a French media leaked compromising revelations by a French high state official responsible for checking archives that then-President Francois Hollande had ordered open to the public. The official warned a private committee that the documents proved that the government decided to arm Rwanda's army again during the military operation, even if it had just been accused of genocide. 

One month before the operation Turquoise started, the United Nations had issued an embargo on weapons sales to Rwanda, meaning that France violated the resolution.

The French probe into Habyarimana's execution was opened in 1998 on the request of relatives of French crew members killed in the attack on the plane.

The first judge to lead the probe, Jean-Louis Bruguiere, backed the theory that it was Tutsi militants from the former rebellion led by Kagame, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (FPR), who shot down the plane.

Investigators in Rwanda and elsewhere have been unable to determine whether the rockets that brought down the president's plane were fired by people close to the Rwandan regime at the time or by the opposition Rwandan Patriotic Front who put an end to the genocide and took power.

The French probe was closed but eventually reopened in 2016 before hitting a series of legal obstacles over the past two years.

A Rwandan commission had in 2009 found Hutu extremists responsible for the assassination of Habyarimana.

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