Joining the recent efforts by right-wing governments in the region to destroy integration and regional sovereignty, Colombia's president-elect Ivan Duque reaffirmed his intentions to withdraw from the Union of South American Nations (Unasur).
“I will promote the withdrawal of Colombia from Unasar, a resonance box of the dictatorship. We will support the appeal of Luis Almagro to investigate the dictator and his accomplices for their crimes at the International Criminal Court," Duque said in an interview with EFE in Madrid in an attack on Unasur and the leftist government of Venezuela. He said that about a million Venezuelans have moved to Colombia “escaping” adversities in their country of origin, besides others going to other neighboring countries.
Duque has several times expressed his willingness to disband Unasur, the only regional integration body with no United States presence, promoting the interventionist Organization of American States (OAS) instead as a viable alternative to the body.
The right-wing leader has vowed to reverse the historic peace deal that was brokered between the government of Manuel Santos and the former guerrilla group Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, FARC, which is threatening the country with more violence and U.S. presence that leads to bolstering paramilitary groups that oppose the deal. Duque and his mentor former president Alvaro Uribe have themselves been exposed as connected to the country ruthless right-wing paramilitaries who have a history of killing social leader and leftists.
In April, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay and Peru, all led by right-wing governments, announced they were “temporarily” withdrawing from the regional integration body after Bolivia assumed the provisional leadership. The countries cited concerns over the inability to appoint a new Secretary General since former Colombian President Ernesto Samper's term came to an end as Secretary General in January 2017.
In Ecuador, President Lenin Moreno offered Unasur's headquarters as the new building for an Indigenous university, a move welcomed by the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador (Conaie), whose leadership has sided with the right-wing sectors in the country in recent years.
"The Unasur building was ceded to the countries that make it up. We are going to ask Unasur to return that building so it can be better used. We are not opposed to integration, but it hasn't worked because of a disrespect of others," Moreno posted on his Twitter account.
However, this was interpreted by others as a hostile decision, “Will the indigenous movement be an accomplice of the destruction of Unasur? I can't believe it!,” tweeted the former Ecuadorean President Rafael Correa.
The bloc is entering a financial crisis as only three of its member states, Bolivia, Guyana and Surinam, have been paying their corresponding fees.
Yuri Chillan, the provisional head of Unasur, recently issued a statement declaring that if member states don't pay the fees in July, the organization won't be able to pay salaries. “Considering that if by July 30 of the present year there are not enough resources to pay the needs of the last trimester of the year, the institution will have to stop paying,” says Chillan in a statement.