The FBI released its annual Hate Crime Statistics report in December, revealing that 5,928 hate crimes were reported in 2013. It also noted that more than half of hate crimes were committed by white people, versus 24 percent by Black perpetrators.
Their statistics only include hate crimes that fall under their jurisdiction. The total number of hate crimes committed across the United States is about 50 times higher.
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The FBI also reported 7,242 people were affected by those hate crimes reprted in 2013, and that 6,933 offenses were also the result of those incidents.
However, the National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) reported that across the country in 2012, “293,800 violent and property hate crime victimizations were recorded” against persons 12 years of age or older. The NCJRS also said that an estimated 60 percent of hate crimes go unreported.
Both the FBI and the NCJRS reports fail to indicate how many people were killed or injured in hate crimes.
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While the FBI said the number of hate crimes reported in 2013 were “down slightly when compared to 2012 figures,” the NCJRS reported that the percentage of hate crimes involving violence increased from 78 percent in 2004 to 90 percent in 2011 and 2012.
The FBI only mentions five specific cases of sentencing in the 2013 cases of hate crimes.
The agency did break down the offenses, saying the 63.9 percent of the hate crimes were against individuals as opposed to property or society, but it does not mention how many ended in deaths.
“Thirty-five percent were property crimes, mostly acts of destruction, damage and vandalism. The rest were considered crimes against society, such as drug offenses or prostitution,” it added.
The NCJRS suggested hate crimes motivated by ethnicity were on the rise at least until 2012. It indicated that in 2004, 22 percent were race motivated, while in 2012, 51 percent were motivated by ethnicity.
It also noted that the percentage of hate crimes motivated by religious bias nearly tripled from 10 percent in 2004 to 28 percent in 2012. The gender-biased crimes more than doubled from 12 percent to 26 percent during the same period.
“The rate of violent hate crime against Hispanics more than tripled from 0.6 per 1,000 persons age 12 or older in 2011 to 2.0 per 1,000 in 2012,” the NCJRS said.
Hate Crimes in the UK
In the United Kingdom, almost 45,000 hate crimes were reported by police in 2013 and 2014. According to the U.K. government website, this represented an increase of 5 percent compared with 2012 and 2013.
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