Catalan politicians cleared the way Sunday for a pro-independence candidate to be elected regional president and end the emergency direct rule imposed by Madrid in last year's political crisis.
"The CUP will not block the formation of a new government," the far-left pro-independence CUP party said in a statement, as it would abstain from an investiture vote in the regional parliament on Monday. The absence of its votes will leave pro-independence candidate Quim Torra with the simple majority needed to be elected regional president.
The formation of a new regional government is required for Spain to lift the state of direct rule. The Catalan regional assembly had failed to elect Torra in an initial vote requiring an absolute majority on Saturday.
In the second round vote scheduled for Monday, only a simple majority will be required so Torra is expected to win the vote. He was handpicked as a candidate by deposed leader Carles Puigdemont — who is in exile in Germany and faces jail on rebellion charges for last year's secession bid if he returns to Spain.
In an interview Saturday with Italian daily La Stampa, Puigdemont said Torra, as his designated successor, "takes power in provisional conditions and he is aware of that. From October 27, he will be able to call new elections."
Torra, 55, gave a combative speech during Saturday's debate, telling parliament he was "working tirelessly for the Catalan republic." He added that the secession crisis is far from over, even if Catalonia does finally get a government. Torra lambasted European institutions for their "unacceptable silence" over the Catalan crisis. He said he was ready to talk "without conditions" with the government of Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy.
Torra faces divisions within the separatist camp, composed of the CUP, the leftwing ERC party and Puigdemont's Together for Catalonia grouping, according to Antonio Barroso, deputy research director at Teneo Intelligence.
Barroso said the ERC wants a moderate approach to avoid a Madrid clampdown and to play a longer independence game. "In contrast, Puigdemont's strategy is to continue using every opportunity... to continue challenging the Spanish authorities and keep the secessionist momentum alive."
For Oriol Bartomeus, a political analyst at Barcelona Autonomous University, what is in sight is "a divided government — there could be fallout."
Ines Arrimadas, leader of the right-wing Ciudadanos party, told Torra on Saturday: "I don't know if you will be president of the regional government, but you will never be the one of all Catalans."
Separatist leaders declared Catalonia independent last October after an outlawed independence referendum, prompting Madrid to impose direct rule and led to months of political limbo. Rajoy's government and the Spanish courts have declared secession illegal and vowed to block it. Rajoy said that constitutional direct rule "could be used again if necessary," if the next regional leadership did not respect the law.
Separatist parties won regional elections in December, but every leadership candidate picked by the separatist camp since has fallen flat.