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"Reconciliation is not the responsibility of Indigenous Peoples. It is the responsibility of all Canadians. It is our responsibility to continue to listen and to learn," Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said.
Canada marked the second National Day for Truth and Reconciliation on Friday, reflecting about the tragedy of residential schools.
The federal statutory holiday, also known as Orange Shirt Day, was established last year to remember children who died while being forced to attend residential schools and to reflect the ongoing impacts on survivors, their families and communities.
According to a statement issued by Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, at least 150,000 First Nations, Inuit, and Métis children were forcibly removed from their families and communities between 1831 and 1998 to attend residential schools, where they had to abandon their languages, cultures, spiritualities, traditions, and identities. Many experienced physical, emotional, and sexual abuse, and thousands never came home.
"The experiences and intergenerational trauma of these so-called schools continue to live on for Indigenous Peoples across the country every single day," said Trudeau.
"It is our shared responsibility to confront the legacy of residential schools and the ongoing impacts on Indigenous Peoples, so we can truly move forward together," Trudeau said. "Reconciliation is not the responsibility of Indigenous Peoples. It is the responsibility of all Canadians. It is our responsibility to continue to listen and to learn."
The prime minister said the government will continue to support "the painful but necessary work to locate unmarked graves, and to support survivors as they tell their stories."
In an interview with local media, Assembly of First Nations National Chief RoseAnne Archibald said the day was about residential school survivors as well as the children who never returned from them.
"It's their day, especially those who suffered in those institutions and survived and then I also feel that it's for all the little ones who died in those institutions and didn't make it home," Archibald said.
Governor General Mary Simon, an Indigenous person, said people wear orange shirts to show that every child matters, which is important to do because of how traumatic residential schools were to Indigenous children.
Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations Marc Miller, Minister of Indigenous Services Patty Hajdu, Minister of Northern Affairs Dan Vandal and Minister of Canadian Heritage Pablo Rodriguez also issued a joint statement saying the government must work faster and harder to address the harms and intergenerational trauma caused by Canada's colonial legacy.
The locating of unmarked graves at former residential schools shocked and saddened Canadians, as it marked the first time many faced this stark truth. For Indigenous Peoples across the country, it brought back painful memories as many have shared their stories for decades only to be ignored, the statement said.
Under the leadership of survivors, their families and communities, the government will continue working in partnership to support their efforts at their pace, the statement said.