At least 281,418 Mexicans have been internally displaced since 2009 due to the country’s ongoing violence ranging from the drug war to land conflicts, new research has revealed.
According to the study “Internal Displacement Induced by violence: A Global Experience, a Mexican Reality,” some 30,000 of these have fled land conflicts and religious intolerance in states like Chiapas and Oaxaca.
“The discoveries of the graves with dismembered bodies, the enforced disappearances, arbitrary detentions and impunity underline the necessity of capturing a phenomenon in which people flee because their lives are in danger,” Laura Rubio Diaz Leal, author of the report released last month, told El Pais.
The researcher, a specialist in forced migrations at Britain’s Manchester University, recognized that the figure is conservative, as research by Mexican statistical organization INEGI puts it at 1.6 million people.
“It is a subject that is growing and is being aggravated. The effect on the families are getting stronger and more serious,” Diaz Leal said.
The state of Sinoloa has been greatly affected by the narco wars between rival cartels and from the government of former President Felipe Calderon. The study shows that between February 2011 and February 2012 more than 1,200 families, with some 25,000 people abandoning their homes due to the violence.
In recent months, Guerrero state has gained a reputation for its brutal violence after 43 students were forcibly disappeared, and mass graves containing hundreds of bodies were discovered.